Herbs on grasslands
On xerothermic grasslands, you can find many interesting plant species, which have therapeutic and medicinal properties. We present only those common and safe in use. When collecting plants one should always remember not to pick the ones we do not know, not to collect plants in a way that would destroy the whole population of a given species, to collect in a way that does not damage the given specimen, i.e. if we collect leaves, we should not destroy the roots.
Sage Salvia pratensis - has very aromatic leaves and flowers, which can be used for making infusions and teas, has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal and antispasmodic properties, improves digestion, is suitable as an aromatic spice for various dishes. Hair rinsed in sage is less greasy and retains a pleasant fragrance for longer.
Broad-leaved thyme Thymus pulegiodes - a very aromatic small shrub, both its leaves and flowers are suitable for use in teas and as a spice, infusions alleviate sore throats and inflammation of the throat, it is particularly recommended for alleviating coughs.
St. John's wort Hypericum perforatum - water extracts of St. John's wort are choleretic and improve digestion, oil macerates and alcoholic extracts have an antidepressant effect, however, St. John's wort should be used with caution, on sunny days it can have a photosensitizing effect.
Yarrow Achillea - young leaves can be successfully eaten in salads, infusions of the herb improve digestion. Its Polish name “Krwawnik” comes from Polish “krwawić”[ krvavit͡ɕ] (en. to bleed) as it was formerly used to stop internal microbleedings.